Annotation

What kind of data should the tool work with?

HEURIST is an extremely flexible data management system designed specifically for Humanities data - see http://HeuristNetwork.org. It is available as a free web service for researchers (hosted at the University of Sydney Data Centre) or for local installation (Open Source). Any confident researcher can design, create, manage, analyse, visualise and publish their own richly-structured database(s) through a simple web interface, without programmers or consultants. Quite complex databases can be built in a few hours through borrowing structures and vocabularies published by other users. Databases can be designed and built incrementally, as existing data are not affected by changes in structure. Advanced features include record linking, drilldown facet searches, rule-based queries, custom reports, linked map-timelines, network visualisation, normalised spreadsheet import, crosstabulation, XML feeds, XSLT transforms.

Code license: Open source, GNU GPL, GNU GPL v3
Last updated: 10 Mar 2017

ANNIS is an open source, cross platform (Linux, Mac, Windows), web browser-based search and visualization architecture for complex multi-layer linguistic corpora with diverse types of annotation. ANNIS, which stands for ANNotation of Information Structure, was originally designed to provide access to the data of the SFB 632 - “Information Structure: The Linguistic Means for Structuring Utterances, Sentences and Texts”. It has since then been extended to a large number of projects annotating a variety of phenomena.

Code license: Open source, Apache License
Last updated: 16 Sep 2016

VoodooPad is an annotation and organization tool. You may drag and drop folders, PDF files, applications, and URLs into VoodooPad, while maintaining the links. VoodooPad provides full screen editing, the ability to export your pages as HTML documents, and search capabilities.

Last updated: 14 Jul 2016

TXM

TXM is a free and open-source cross-platform Unicode, XML & TEI based text analysis software, supporting Windows, Mac OS X and Linux. It is also available as a J2EE standard compliant portal software (GWT based) for online access with access control built in (see a demo portal: http://portal.textometrie.org/demo).

Code license: Open source, GNU GPL v3
Last updated: 29 Jun 2016

The goal of the Alpheios project is to help people learn how to learn languages as efficiently and enjoyably as possible, and in a way that best helps them understand their own literary heritage and culture, and the literary heritage and culture of other peoples throughout history. One of the principal tools, a Firefox plugin, allows a reader to browse a web page with Latin, ancient Greek, or Arabic, click on a word, and get a definition and morphological analysis of the word.

Code license: Open source, GNU GPL
Last updated: 7 Jun 2016

Maphub in a web portal for georeferencing and annotating digitized historic maps. Georeferencing transforms the map image to align with real world geographic coordinates, while the annotations are overlaps plus notes. Maphub suggests possible tags for the annotation based on its text and location; tags link to related Wikipedia articles. Once created, user-contributed annotations are shared via the Maphub Open Annotation API.

Last updated: 7 Jun 2016

NewRadial is an interactive visualization environment that uses an adapter system to display and combine content from remotely-served or locally situated databases. Although initially designed for use with image-based databases, NewRadial’s capabilities have been extended to handle the manipulation and annotation, in a visual field, of text-based databases.

Code license: Open source, GNU GPL, GNU GPL v3
Last updated: 7 Jun 2016

Part-of-Speech (POS) tagging software for English - the classification of words into one or more categories based upon its definition, relationship with other words, or other context, also known as wordclass tagging. CLAWS (Constituent Likelihood Automatic Word-tagging System) uses several methods to identify parts of speech., most notably a system called Hidden Markov models (HMMs) which involve counting examples of co-occurrence of words and wordclasses in training data and making a table of the probabilities of certain sequences of words.

Features:

Code license: Closed source
Last updated: 3 May 2016

DM is an environment for the study and annotation of images and texts. It is a suite of tools, enabling scholars to gather and organize the evidence necessary to support arguments based in digitized resources. DM enables users to mark fragments of interest in manuscripts, print materials, photographs, etc. and provide commentary on these resources and the relationships among them.

Last updated: 1 May 2016

Online Digital Asset Management (DAM) and collaboration platform for business use. Offers user management, custom branding and password-protected folders.

Code license: Closed source
Last updated: 27 Mar 2016

Pundit is a semantic annotation and augmentation tool. It enables users to create structured data while annotating web pages.

Annotations span from simple comments to semantic links to web of data entities (as Freebase.com and Dbpedia.org), to fine granular cross-references and citations. Pundit can be configured to include custom controlled vocabularies. In other words, annotations can refer to precise entities and concepts as well as express precise relations among entities and contents. Read more on semantically structured annotations

Last updated: 30 Dec 2015

Vertov is a free media annotating plug-in for the research tool Zotero. Vertov allows you to cut audio and video files into clips, annotate the clips, and integrate annotations with other research sources and notes stored in Zotero. You must first download and install Firefox and Zotero before using Vertov.

Last updated: 29 Dec 2015

VideoANT is an online environment that synchronizes web based video with timeline based annotations.

Last updated: 8 Sep 2015

Scalar is a free, open source authoring and publishing platform that’s designed to make it easy for authors to write long-form, born-digital scholarship online. Scalar enables users to assemble media from multiple sources and juxtapose them with their own writing in a variety of ways, with minimal technical expertise required.

Scalar can also be used to assemble and annotate video content, and combine in with text to create a rich media document

Last updated: 3 Aug 2015

Microsoft OneNote is a digital notebook that allows you to gather notes and information in a central environment, and search across your shared notebooks to better manage information and work with others. OneNote used to be available as paid software, but is now free across platforms.

Code license: Closed source
Last updated: 5 Jul 2015

Springpad was a web-based application that allowed registered users to create, organize, and share annotations and notes. Allowed users to bookmark webpages, search online products, organize information with tags, create a digital bulletin board, and share information via public pages.

Last updated: 23 Jun 2015

Yahoo! Notepad is a note-taking tool. You may save your notes, and access them later from any web accessible computer. You must be a registered Yahoo! user to use Notepad.

Last updated: 16 Jun 2015

This is a simple tool for creating custom notetaking sheets (ie blank, ruled, or graph style). You may automate the generation of the sheets to customize them with your name, date etc.

Code license: Closed source
Last updated: 16 Jun 2015

Snapzen is a browser tool that is used to collaborate with others about the information on any web page - right from your browser.

Discuss information on web pages with your colleagues, friends or family. It is easy to collaborate with others because they see exactly what you see on the web pages.

If you still use copy and paste, screenshot tools, email or chat to discuss web pages, Snapzen will show you a better way.

Code license: Closed source
Last updated: 15 Jun 2015

A text-mining system for scientific literature. Textpresso's two major elements are (1) access to full text, so that entire articles can be searched, and (2) introduction of categories of biological concepts and classes that relate to objects (e.g., association, regulation, etc.) or describe one (e.g., methods, etc).

Code license: Open source
Last updated: 28 May 2015

Zotpress is a WordPress plugin that enables users to easily add Zotero citations to a WordPress site by using a special syntax that turns a Zotero citation key into a well-formatted inline citation and bibliography, based on the data stored in Zotero.

Code license: Open source
Last updated: 24 May 2015

Domeo is an extensible web application enabling users to visually and efficiently create and share ontology-based stand-off annotation on HTML or XML document targets. The tool supports manual, fully automated, and semi-automated annotation with complete provenance records, as well as personal or community annotation with access authorization and control.

Last updated: 22 May 2015

Annotator is an open source JavaScript library that developers can include on their pages (along with jQuery) to allow users to annotate content. Annotations can be stored in AnnotateIt.

Last updated: 20 May 2015

Projects allows researchers to organise and manage all their research outputs in a safe, simple and structured way. It’s designed to help academics, at any stage of their career, keep track and stay on top of all their results. It’s a light, useful and slick application that integrates into a researcher’s existing workflow to help them work more efficiently and ensure they have more time for making discoveries.

Last updated: 19 May 2015

"Collex allows users to collect, annotate, and tag online objects and to repurpose them in illustrated, interlinked essays or exhibits."

Last updated: 9 May 2015

Cytoscape is a platform for complex network analysis, visualization, and annotation.

Code license: GNU LGPL, Open source
Last updated: 8 May 2015

FromThePage is free software that allows volunteers to transcribe handwritten documents on-line. It's easy to index and annotate subjects within a text using a simple, wiki-like mark-up. Users can discuss difficult writing or obscure words within a page to refine their transcription. The resulting text is hosted on the web, making documents easy to read and search.

Code license: Open source, GNU Affero GPL
Last updated: 2 May 2015

Evernote is note-taking software in the cloud, with options for private and shared notebooks. Users can take text notes, and upload files to attach them to notes. Evernote has built-in OCR for images with printed or handwritten text. A premium account allows access to notebooks offline, as well as more storage and embedded PDF search.

Code license: Closed source
Last updated: 2 May 2015

Sophie is an electronic tool for authoring, collaborating, reading, and publishing rich media documents in networked environments. Built in Java it runs on a variety of platforms.

It does not support either the epub or mobi formats instead using its own internal format.

Development of the project seems to have stalled

Last updated: 1 May 2015

Full-featured app for reading, annotating, organizing, and sending PDFs. Offers ability to annotate PDFs with pen, highlighter, audio recordings, and photos. For iPad or Android tablet.

Code license: Closed source
Last updated: 1 May 2015

NB

NB is designed for faculty and students to collaboratively annotate PDFs in an online environment. The faculty member can upload course material (e.g. readings), and make it available to their students. Students can then create public and private annotations on those PDFs. NB includes a feature for faculty and (optionally) students to download the resulting fully-annotated PDFs.

Code license: Open source, MIT License
Last updated: 29 Apr 2015

Commentpress is a theme and plugin for WordPress that enables granular public commenting on texts.

Code license: Open source, GNU GPL
Last updated: 6 Apr 2015

Extensive set of tools to allow collaborative transcription of manuscript pages in TEI-compliant XML.

Features of T-PEN through version 1.2 [from project blog]

Zoom Tool in Transcription User Interface: Holding CTRL+SHIFT will result in a magnified image of the current line being transcribed.

Last updated: 17 Mar 2015

VARD 2 is an interactive piece of software produced in Java designed to assist users of historical corpora in dealing with spelling variation, particularly in Early Modern English texts. The tool is intended to be a pre-processor to other corpus linguistic methods such as keyword analysis, collocations and annotation (e.g. POS and semantic tagging), the aim being to improve the accuracy of these tools

Last updated: 19 Feb 2015

AGTK is a suite of software components for building tools for annotating linguistic signals, time-series data which documents any kind of linguistic behavior (e.g. audio, video). The internal data structures are based on annotation graphs. Annotation Graphs are a formal framework for representing linguistic annotations of time series data.

Code license: Open source
Last updated: 11 Feb 2015

CATMA (Computer Aided Textual Markup & Analysis) is a free, open source markup and analysis tool from the University of Hamburg's Department of Languages, Literature and Media. It incorporates three interactive modules: (1) The tagger enables flexible and individual textual markup and markup editing. (2) The analyzer incorporates a query language and predefined functions. It also includes a query builder that allows users to construct queries from combinations of pre-defined questions while allowing for manual modification for more specific questions.

Code license: GNU GPL v3
Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

Skim is a PDF reader and note-taking software, with different colors of highlighting, annotation, sticky notes, numerous export formats and searching and filtering notes.

Code license: BSD
Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

MMax2 is a text annotation tool for creating and visualizing annotations. It has advanced and customizable methods for information and relation visualization.
Features:

  • Determination of the word class / part of speech (POS) for words in a text
  • Determination of word senses, including the disambiguation of homonymous and polysemous words
  • Detection of anaphoric expressions and identification of their antecedents
Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

Wmatrix is web-based software for corpus analysis and comparison. It provides a web interface to the USAS and CLAWS corpus annotation tools, and standard corpus linguistic methodologies such as frequency lists and concordances. It also extends the keywords method to key grammatical categories and key semantic domains.

Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

MLA, APA, Chicago / Turabian and most-common Bluebook forms as an integrated citing and note-taking platform for individual or group projects. Prompts for analysis of source types and is unique in offering teaching support and personal help on any citation. Instructor / librarian view allows teacher to comment on work-in-progress providing just-in-time feedback in-context. Archives copies of web pages and pdfs which can be annotated. Dashboard provides long-term access to a portfolio of work.

Code license: Closed source
Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

eLaborate is an online work environment in which scholars can upload scans, transcribe and annotate text, and publish the results as on online text edition which is freely available to all users.

Code license: GNU GPL v3
Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

ELAN is a tool for creating annotations on multiple layers on audio and video resources. The textual content of annotations is in Unicode and the transcription is stored in XML.

Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

FieldWorks consists of software tools that help you manage linguistic and cultural data. FieldWorks supports tasks ranging from the initial entry of collected data through to the preparation of data for publication

Code license: GNU LGPL
Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

A.nnotate.com allows you to annotate documents and images online. You may also collaborate on documents and index files. A.nnotate.com supports PDF and MS Office file formats, and runs on all common web browsers.

Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

The Annotator's Workbench is a software tool that enables users to create a collection from a set of existing video files, segment that collection, create annotations and assign vocabulary terms to the segments, and control access. This tool is part of the Ethnographic Video for Institution and Analysis (EVIA) Digital Archive Project at Indiana University and the University of Michigan.

Code license: Open source
Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

Annozilla allows you to view and create annotations associated with a web page. To use Annozilla you need to install the packages and get set up with an account with the W3C test server.

Code license: Open source
Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

Awesome Highlighter enables you to highlight text on a web page and then provides you with a link to the highlighted page.

Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

Co-ment is a text annotation and collaborative writing tool. Co-ment provides a friendly graphic user interface for text annotation, collaboration and writing texts online.

Code license: GNU Affero GPL v.3
Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

Digress.it is a WordPress plug-in that allows paragraph-level commenting in the margins of a text. Use digress.it as a collaboration tool for blog-style comment threads off individual paragraphs. Host your project on digress.it or download it for use with your own WordPress installation.

Code license: Open source
Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

Scribe is a note-taking program that allows you to manage your research notes, quotes, thoughts, contacts, published and archival sources, digital images, outlines, timelines, and glossary entries. You can create, organize, index, search, link and cross-reference your note and source cards.
Further information about Scribe can also be found at http://echo.gmu.edu/toolcenter-wiki/index.php?title=Scribe, 23.05.2014.

Code license: Open source
Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

SharedCopy was a tool developed by Choon Keat, allowing users to individually and collaboratively annotate webpages. SharedCopy worked with platforms including Twitter and Basecamp, and enabled integration with other online services via its API.

Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

Fleck was a browser extension that allowed you to collect bookmarks and annotate webpages.

Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

Google Notebook was a web application that helped you collect notes and information from the web for research or planning. You could use Google's bookmarklet to add text and images to any page of your notebooks, access your notebooks from any computer or your mobile phone, and also share your notebooks with others.

Google Notebook is no longer available, all the existing notebooks have been automatically converted into Google Docs files.

Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

MyStickies allows you to place virtual sticky notes on websites, viewable each time you visit the page. Requires users to create an account, and install either a browser extension or bookmarklet. When logged in, MyStickies provides an interface to browse, search, sort, and edit existing sticky notes. May be useful for annotating research from multiple online resources, or for collaborative, interactive editing across a team.

Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

Notational Velocity is open-source software that allows you to search across thousands of notes. You may create a new note or view or edit an existing note.

Code license: Open source, GNU GPL v3
Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

Xournal is an application for note-taking, sketching, and journaling.

Code license: GNU GPL, Open source
Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

Pliny is a scholarly note-taking and annotation tool. It may be used with both digital (web pages, images, PDF files) and non-digital (books, printed articles) materials, run as a desktop application on the user's computer. Pliny is useful for taking and managing annotations and notes while reading, as well as subsequently developing and presenting an interpretation.

Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

Project Pad is web-based system for media annotation and collaboration for teaching and learning and scholarly applications. Project Pad provides tools for browsing and working with audio, video, and images from digital repositories. The user may organize and annotate excerpts within their own "online notebook." Available as a standalone web application or set of Sakai tools.

Code license: Open source, GPL
Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

Reframe It was a web browser plugin that created a space for comments in the righthand margin of any webpage. No plugin exists for Chrome, and the Firefox plugin is only available for older versions. Wikipedia lists project status as "unclear" as of May 23, 2014.

Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

ANVIL is a free video annotation tool. It offers multi-layered annotation based on a user-defined coding scheme.

Code license: Closed source
Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

AnnotateIt lets users annotate anything anywhere on the web.

Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

Neatline is a tool for the creation of interlinked timelines and maps as interpretive expressions of the literary or historical content of archival collections.

Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

WebLicht is a service-oriented architecture (SOA) for creating annotated text corpora. Development started in October 2008 as part of CLARIN-D's predecessor project D-SPIN, and further development and enhancement of WebLicht is an important goal of CLARIN-D, aiming to make WebLicht a fully-functional virtual research environment.

Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

This online tool can be used for a wide variety of annotation tasks, including visualization and collaboration.

brat is designed in particular for structured annotation, where the notes are not freeform text but have a fixed form that can be automatically processed and "interpreted" by a computer. brat also supports the annotation of n-ary associations that can link together any number of other annotations participating in specific roles. brat also implements a number of features relying on natural language processing techniques to support human annotation efforts.

Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

The HyperImage platform supports the linking of (audio)-visual objects, texts and mixed-media documents. References between images in total, regions of images, annotations regarding the images, and other media, are achieved by means of hyperlinks.

The HyperImage Authoring System is a web-based system consisting of three main components – server, connector and database – on to which the graphic frontend (the HyperImage Editor) is built. Data is exchanged between the HyperImage Editor and the HyperImage Server using standardised methods via SOAP/HTTP.

Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

The purpose of ATLAS.ti is to help researchers uncover and systematically analyze complex phenomena hidden in text and multimedia data. The program provides tools that let the user locate, code, and annotate findings in primary data material, to weigh and evaluate their importance, and to visualize complex relations between them.

Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

The cross-platform Advene application allows users to easily create comments and analyses of video documents, through the definition of time-aligned annotations and their mobilisation into
automatically-generated or user-written comment views (HTML documents). Annotations can also be used to modify the rendition of the audiovisual document, thus providing virtual montage, captioning, navigation... capabilities. Users can exchange their comments/analyses in the form of Advene packages, independently from the video itself.

Code license: Open source, GNU GPL v2
Last updated: 1 Dec 2016

Windows tool for annotating, editing, and sharing screen shots and images.

Code license: GNU GPL
Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

Mac and Windows tool for taking multiple screenshots, annotating them, and combining them into a single document.

Code license: Closed source
Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

QDA Miner is an easy-to-use mixed-methods qualitative data analysis software package for coding, annotating, retrieving and analyzing small and large collections of documents and images. QDA Miner may be used to analyze interview or focus-group transcripts, legal documents, journal articles, even entire books, as well as drawing, photographs, paintings, and other types of visual documents.

Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

A Web-based image annotation tool, built specifically for integration with existing Web pages or portal environments. Annotorious is also available as a plugin to the Annotator Web annotation system by the Open Knowledge Foundation.

Code license: MIT License
Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

SimpleTCT is a simplified management environment designed to assist in textual comparison. Users can display the contents of .rtf files, define themes, highlight passages and add personal notes as required. A document may then be exported containing all of the selected passages, organised thematically, situated alongside the relevant notes.

Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

The UAM CorpusTool may be used for annotating a corpus as part of a linguistic study. The tool also allows to search for annotation forms and compare them to one another. It provides a graphical schema editor and saves annotations in a stand-off XML format.

Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

GATE (General Architecture for Text Engineering) is a sophisticated framework that allows manual and automatic annotation as well as the processing of all kinds of language resources. GATE has a broad community of users and developers, and comes with diverse plugins for specific linguistic tasks.

Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

"WordFreak is a java-based linguistic annotation tool designed to support human, and automatic annotation of linguistic data as well as employ active-learning for human correction of automatically annotated data." (text taken from http://wordfreak.sourceforge.net/)

Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

The Observer XT is the professional and user-friendly event logging software for the collection, analysis, and presentation of observational data.

Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

The Classical Text Editor was designed to enable scholars working on a critical edition or on a text with commentary or translation to prepare a camera-ready copy or electronic publication without bothering much about making up and page proofs. Its features, formed in continuous discussion with editors using the program, meet the practical needs of the scholar concerning text constitution, entries to different apparatus and updating them when the text has been changed, as well as creating and redefining sigla.

Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

Designed for journalists, a web-based service for working with primary sources that features search and analysis, highlighting and annotation, and document sharing. Uses Tesseract for OCR and allows users to upload documents and search other its document collection.

Code license: Open source
Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

Software (Mac only, $40) for taking notes during presentations - allows you to sync text, audio, video, and slides.

Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

Mediathread is an open-source platform for exploration, analysis, and organization of web-based multimedia content. It interoperates with a variety of image and video collections (such as YouTube, Flickr, library databases, and course libraries), enabling users to lift items out of these collections and into a scholarly analysis environment. In Mediathread, items can then be clipped, annotated, organized, and embedded into compositions and other written analysis.

Code license: GNU GPL v2
Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

LitBlitz is free beta Chrome extension that aims to improve how students and researchers manage their notes for literature reviews, assignment research and more by simplifying pdf management, allowing capture and annotation of document snippets


LitBlitz v1.0 is currently available as a Google Chrome extension.

LitBlitz, while still available on the Google Chrome store no longer appears to be under development, and the company url redirects to a Japanese language web page.

Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

Digitate is a free application designed for use on the iOS platform, specifically on iPad devices. The application allows scholars and enthusiasts with an interest in the visual and material elements of a cultural artefact to make notes and annotations directly on an image of such an artefact.

For example, a literary scholar might use it to annotate the material or bibliographic elements of a rare text or first edition, while an art historian might do the same on an image of a painting.

Code license: Open source, Creative Commons
Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

The Juxta family of software (Juxta, Juxta WS, and Juxta Commons) allows you to compare and collate versions of the same textual work. Juxta Commons is an online space powered by the open-source Juxta Web Service that lets you collate sets of two or more texts and share online visualizations of the differences between them.

Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

With ediarum researchers can comfortably transcribe, encode and edit manuscripts in TEI-XML, as well as publish their results in an online or print edition. The solution, developed by TELOTA, is based on three software components: exist-db, Oxygen XML Author, and ConTeXt. These are combined, supplemented with additional functions, and tailored to fit a project's needs.

Code license: Open source, GNU GPL, GPL, GNU LGPL
Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

Annotation Studio is an open source, web-based annotation application that integrates a powerful set of textual interpretation tools behind an intuitive and easy-to-use interface. Users can upload their own texts, and annotate with styled text, video, images, and weblinks. To date, the project has been used with great success in disciplines such as Writing, Literature, Foreign Languages, Anthropology, Film and Media Studies, and others at institutions including Harvard, Yale, Stanford, MIT, Barnard College, and Washington University.

Code license: Open source, GNU GPL, GNU GPL v2
Last updated: 29 Dec 2014

VSim facilitates the real-time exploration of highly detailed, three-dimensional computer models in both formal and informal educational settings.

Last updated: 29 Dec 2014
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